King suffered from depression throughout much of his life.In his adolescent years, he initially felt some resentment against whites due to the "racial humiliation" that he, his family, and his neighbors often had to endure in the segregated South.
King also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. It was during this time he chose to be called Martin Luther King in honor of the German reformer Martin Luther. King's mother, an accomplished organist and choir leader, took him to various churches to sing.
There, he established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in American history. have been renamed in his honor, and a county in Washington State was also renamed for him. He received attention for singing "I Want to Be More and More Like Jesus." King later became a member of the junior choir in his church.
On October 14, 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. King said his father regularly whipped him until he was fifteen and a neighbor reported hearing the elder King telling his son "he would make something of him even if he had to beat him to death." King saw his father's proud and unafraid protests in relation to segregation, such as King Sr.
(January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who was a leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.
He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs.
King became a civil rights activist early in his career.
He led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president.
In 1965, he helped to organize the Selma to Montgomery marches, and the following year he and SCLC took the movement north to Chicago to work on segregated housing. refusing to listen to a traffic policeman after being referred to as "boy" or stalking out of a store with his son when being told by a shoe clerk that they would have to move to the rear to be served.
In the final years of his life, King expanded his focus to include opposition towards poverty and the Vietnam War, alienating many of his liberal allies with a 1967 speech titled "Beyond Vietnam". King was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal. Day was established as a holiday in numerous cities and states beginning in 1971, and as a U. When King was a child, he befriended a white boy whose father owned a business near his family's home.
In 1968, King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D. When the boys were 6, they attended different schools, with King attending a segregated school for African-Americans.
C., to be called the Poor People's Campaign, when he was assassinated on April 4 in Memphis, Tennessee. King then lost his friend because the child's father no longer wanted them to play together.